What Is a LAN?
A LAN includes cables, access points, routers, switches, and other devices that allow devices to link to internal servers, servers, and other LANs via wide area networks.
By way of instance, within an office with several sections, such as accounting, IT support, and management, every department’s computers might be connected to the identical change but slated to act as though they’re separate.
Also Read: What is Wide Area Network (WAN)?
Which are the Advantages of a LAN?
The benefits of a LAN will be just like those for any devices networked together. The apparatus can use one online connection, share documents, print to shared printers, and be obtained and controlled by one another.
LANs were created in the 1960s to be used by schools, universities, and research centres (for example, NASA), chiefly to link computers directly to other computers. It was only when the growth of Ethernet technologies (1973, in Xerox PARC), its commercialization (1980), and its standardization (1983) that LANs began to be used extensively.
While the advantages of getting apparatus attached to a community have consistently been well known, it was only when the broad installation of Wi-Fi technologies which LANs became commonplace in just about any kind of environment.
Wireless connectivity has also considerably expanded the kinds of devices which that could connect to your LAN.
Are there different kinds of LANs?
A client/server LAN includes many devices (the customers) attached to a server. The server handles file storage, program accessibility, apparatus access, and traffic. A customer could be any connected device that runs or accesses programs or the web. The clients connect to the server with wires or via wireless links.
Users may access databases, email, file sharing, printing, and other providers via software running over the LAN server, even with writing and read access preserved by a network or IT administrator.
A peer-to-peer LAN does not have a central server and can’t handle heavy workloads such as a client/server LAN may, and thus they are usually smaller. On a peer-to-peer LAN, every apparatus shares both in the operation of the system. The apparatus share data and resources through wireless or wired links to a router or switch. Most home systems are peer-reviewed. I hope that I have cleared all your doubts regarding what is Local Area Network (LAN) and advantages of LAN. If you have any query then feel free to ask.